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Pancreatic Cancer with Xenium Human Multi-Tissue and Cancer Panel

In Situ Gene Expression dataset analyzed using Xenium Onboard Analysis 1.6.0

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Xenium In Situ Gene Expression data for human pancreatic cancer sections using the Xenium Human Multi-Tissue and Cancer Panel.

How to View Data

Interactively explore this dataset with the Xenium Explorer web demo ("Open web demo" above) or download the files to explore further on your desktop. Learn about the biology highlighted in this dataset here.

The Xenium Explorer subset bundle contains the experiment.xenium, morphology_mip.ome.tif, analysis_summary.html,,,, and files. See the Getting Started with Xenium Explorer page for more details. Follow these instructions to use image alignment files to import the post-Xenium images in Xenium Explorer.


An FFPE-preserved block was purchased from AcePix Biosciences (adenocarcinoma, Grade I-II, 50% tumor).

Tissue preparation

Tissues were prepared following the Demonstrated Protocols Xenium In Situ for FFPE - Tissue Preparation Guide (CG000578) and Xenium In Situ for FFPE Tissues – Deparaffinization & Decrosslinking (CG000580).

Gene panels

The Xenium Human Multi-Tissue and Cancer Panel (377 genes) was pre-designed by 10x Genomics. The panel design was informed using single cell RNA sequencing data curated and reprocessed for standardization by the Human Protein Atlas. 93 genes were chosen to specifically detect the major cell types of breast, lung, kidney, liver, skin, colon, heart, lymph node, and pancreas tissues. 284 genes were designed to be common to all tissues, especially immune and cancer markers.

The pre-designed panel was supplemented with an additional 97 genes, including some high expressers to test for any sensitivity loss due to crowding.

Xenium Analyzer

The instrument run was performed following the Xenium Analyzer User Guide (CG000584). The on-instrument analysis was run with Xenium Onboard Analysis version 1.6.0.

Cells detected190,965
Decoded transcripts per 100 µm2135.2
Median transcripts per cell114
Total high quality decoded transcripts23,926,081
Region area (µm2)22,386,228

Post-Xenium Imaging

Post-instrument IF staining was conducted as follows: Sections were washed with PBST, then incubated in a blocking buffer (ScyTek AAA999) for 30 minutes at room temperature. The primary antibody (see Table) in the blocking buffer was added and incubated in the dark at 4°C overnight. The following day, the sections were washed three times (10 minutes each) with PBST, then incubated with secondary antibodies (see Table) and DAPI in blocking buffer in the dark at room temperature for two hours. Next, the sections were washed three times (10 minutes each) with PBST, incubated with 80% glycerol, and mounted in CitiFluor CFM-3 mounting media (EMS 17979-20).

Post-instrument H&E staining followed the Demonstrated Protocol Xenium In Situ Gene Expression - Post-Xenium Analyzer H&E Staining (CG000613). The image was tiled, stitched, and acquired on an Olympus VS200 Slide Scanner. The image was registered following this tutorial.

Antibodies used for the post-Xenium IF staining:

Ms IgGDonkeyAlexa 488ThermoFisherA-212021:500
Rb IgGDonkeyAlexa 594ThermoFisherA-212071:500
Gt IgGDonkeyAlexa 647ThermoFisherA-328491:500

Sections were imaged on a Zeiss Axioimager with a 40x (0.95 NA) air objective. Zen Blue software was used for tiling, image acquisition, and stitching. An ome.tif file was exported using QuPath and registered to the Xenium data using a development version of Xenium Explorer.

Custom Cell and Gene Groups

Xenium data was imported into Seurat v4.3.0.1 according to the following vignette: Using the FindClusters function (resolution = 0.5), 17 cell clusters were identified. Most cell types were annotated using the Human Protein Atlas. Metaplastic cells were annotated given their co-expression of acinar and ductal/tumor markers (Schlesinger et al., 2020). Tumor cells that do not express the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) gene form a distinct cluster of CFTR- tumor cells. Two populations of endocrine cells were identified, and differ in their relative expression of PPY, SST, GCG, and INS. Using the FetchData function, barcodes for each cluster were exported into a CSV and then imported into Xenium Explorer by creating custom cell groups. Custom gene groups were assigned by looking at high-ranking differentially expressed genes in each of the clusters using the FindAllMarkers function.

This dataset is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution license.